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Plenary Lectures

Innovation at Petrobras and Challenges on Carbon Materials

Oscar Chamberlain – Downstream and Biofuels R&D General Manager of Petrobras’ Research Center (Brazil)

GrafTech International 125 Years of Carbon and Graphite Science – from Arc Carbons to Smart Phones

Julian Norley – Vice President of Corporate R&D, GrafTech International (USA)

Single carbon nanotube devices

Marc Monthioux – CNRS Research Director at CEMES (France)

Mesophase Derived Microstructure in Engineered Carbon/Graphite Materials

Brian Rand – Emeritus Professor, University of Leeds (UK)

Fabrication and Application of Graphene-Based Materials

Hui-Ming Cheng – Professor, Advanced Carbons Division, Shenyang National Laboratory for Materials Science (China)

Oscar Chamberlain is Downstream and Biofuels R&D General Manager of Petrobras Research Center (CENPES). Graduated in Chemical Engineering from Rio Grande do Norte Federal University, he was hired by Petrobras/CENPES in 1985, specializing in Petroleum Processing Engineering. He began his career working in research and development of zeolites and FCC catalysts. From 1999 to 2008 he worked as FCC Technology manager, from 2009 to 2010 managed the Petrochemical Technology area, and from 2011 to 2012 he was General Manager of Technology Management. He holds an MBA in Advanced Management from FGV (Fundação Getúlio Vargas) and MBA in Business Management from UFRJ/COPPEAD.
He completed the Strategic R&D Program at INSEAD, in France, the Executive Development Program at Kellogg Business School, in USA, and Advanced Strategic Management, at IMD, in Switzerland.
Julian Norley is vice president of corporate research and development at GrafTech International Holdings Inc., headquartered in Parma, Ohio, USA. GrafTech manufactures a wide variety of carbon and graphite raw materials and finished products, and services a broad variety of markets including steel making, solar, semiconductor, consumer electronics, oil and exploration, fuel cells and batteries. GrafTech International has annual sales in excess of $1 billion and nineteen manufacturing plants located worldwide.
His work on the development of flexible graphite heat spreaders led to a new market for GrafTech in consumer electronic applications, including plasma display panels, laptop computers and a new generation of handheld devices and smart phones. Sales of flexible graphite materials for these applications represent one of the most rapid R&D-to-commercialization successes in GrafTech’s history.
Dr. Norley and his group received five R&D 100 awards: in 2003 for heat sinks; 2004 for SPREADERSHIELD™ heat spreaders; 2007 for GRAFCELL® Flow Field Plates; 2009 for GRAFIHX® Flexible Heat Exchangers and in 2011 for the SS1500 family of ultrathin flexible graphite materials for smart phone applications. His group also won and executed over $20 million in U.S. Department of Energy, the U.S. Department of Defense and Ohio Third Frontier grants in the areas of electronic thermal management, fuel cells, nanocomposites, heat exchangers and lithium ion batteries. Dr. Norley has presented at numerous conferences and workshops and has published extensively in his field. He has been awarded 21 US patents. In 2005, he was named Senior Corporate Fellow, GrafTech’s highest scientific position and in 2012 was promoted to Vice President of Corporate Research and Development.
Dr. Norley worked for Aircraft Braking Systems Corporation in Akron, Ohio from 1992 to 1997 as a senior engineering specialist in the area of carbon/carbon composite friction materials and anti-oxidation coatings. Dr Norley worked at the BP Research Center in Sunbury, United Kingdom from 1985 to 1990, working in the field of CVD coatings for oxidation protection of carbon/carbon composites. He was transferred to the BP Research Center in Cleveland, Ohio in 1992 to work with BP’s Advanced Materials operations, including Hitco and Carborundum. Dr Norley achieved his B.S. degree in Metallurgy from Imperial College, London, in 1980, and his Ph.D. degree in Metallurgy from the same University in 1985.
Dr Norley was appointed to the American Carbon Society Advisory Board in 2007, serving as the awards secretary from 2007-2010. In 2010 he was appointed to the American Carbon Society Executive Committee and is serving as the Industrial Liaison. He won the 2012 Graffin Lecturer award from the American Carbon Society for distinguished contributions to carbon and graphite science and engineering.
Marc Monthioux has dedicated his scientific life to carbon materials for more than 30 years, with transmission electron microscopy as his main investigation tool. He graduated from the University of Orléans (France), where he also prepared his first two-year Doctorate thesis work (Specialty Thesis) on investigating the carbonization and graphitization mechanisms of heavy petroleum products, with Dr. Agnès Oberlin as his supervisor. He was then recruited by the French National Center for Research (CNRS) in 1982 and worked for five years at the French Institute of Petroleum (IFP, Rueil-Malmaison) while preparing his second five-year thesis (State Thesis) dedicated to experimentally mimicking the natural coalification and petroleum generation processes. After receiving this ultimate academic degree in 1986, he moved to the University of Pau, France, along with Agnès Oberlin’s team to work on advanced carbon-containing ceramic fibres and composites and pyrolytic carbons. After Dr. Oberlin retired, he led the laboratory for two years then merged it with a large CNRS laboratory in 1995, the Center of the Preparation of Materials and Structural Studies (CEMES) located at the University of Toulouse, France, renowned worldwide for its pioneering role in the development of transmission electron microscopy. While affiliated to CEMES, he has spent about two years working in the USA at the Dupont Experimental Station, Wilmington, Delaware as a consultant for Dupont de Nemours (carbon fibres) then the Conoco Company (pitch-based cokes), then at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia under a NATO fellowship where he started getting involved in carbon nanoforms with David Luzzi and Jack Fischer. Once back in France, he combined working mainly on carbon nanoforms and pyrolytic carbons at CEMES with working as a consultant for three years for IMRA-Europe (Sophia-Antipolis, France) installing a laboratory and leading a team dedicated to hydrogen storage in carbon materials.
Dr. Monthioux has authored more than 210 papers in international journals and conference proceedings and has contributed to more than 15 books and topical journal special issues as an author and/or an editor. Among his scientific achievements one can note: the demonstration of the existence of a graphitizability continuum between the formerly known ‘hard’ (non- graphitizable) carbons and ‘soft’ (fully graphitizable) carbons; the most complete and successful experimental duplication of the natural coalification processes ever, which has revealed the leading role of the pressurized confinement of the effluents; the discovery of the ability of single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) in being filled with molecules, starting with the example of nanopeapods; the fabrication of the world smallest and most sensitive supraconducting quantum interference device (the nanoSQUID) for magnetic measurements, based on a single SWCNT.
He is currently a CNRS Research Director at CEMES (Toulouse, France), Editor of Carbon journal (Elsevier), former Chairman of the French Carbon Group (GFEC), and former Chairman of the European Carbon Association (ECA).
Brian Rand is Emeritus Professor at Leeds University and Part-time SARChI Chair of Carbon Materials and Technology at University of Pretoria. His research interests are in carbon, graphite, nuclear graphite, refractories and ceramic processing, with more than 150 publications. A major feature has been the study of carbonaceous mesophase and its use in fabrication and control of structure of carbon fibres, composites and films, supported by UK and US companies and EPSRC. A novel approach to the transformation of pitch to carbon products was developed and work focussed on rheological aspects. Further studies concerned high strength carbons from mesophase powders and pitch-based fibres. A ROPA award led to the invention of highly oriented graphitic films for ultra-high thermal conductivity applications. The group has been involved in carbon-carbon composites (Dunlop and EPSRC) and novel C/SiC dual-matrix composites. A BRITE-Euram award developed new carbon precursor materials for advanced materials. Prof. Rand pioneered studies of chemical routes to carbon-ceramic alloys with molecular scale doping and enhanced oxidation resistance (ROPA). This work led to a guest professorship at Tokyo Institute of Technology to participate in the National ‘Carbon –Alloys’ project. His work has been recognised by many invitations to present keynote lectures and to international collaborative programmes with NPL Delhi, Changsha University, China, University of Alicante, and others. In ceramics, Prof. Rand has studied colloidal processing and high temperature refractory materials for steelmaking. Currently, he is a part-time holder of a strategic chair of carbon materials and technology at the University of Pretoria, funded by the Department of science and Technology and the National Science Foundation, with the aim of generating research in carbon and graphite materials and training personnel in this field. He also is an independent member of GTAC, Graphite Technical Advisory Committee for Nuclear Plant
Hui-Ming Cheng is Professor and the founding director of Advanced Carbons Division of Shenyang National Laboratory for Materials Science, the Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences. He worked at Kyushu National Industrial Research Institute, AIST, from 1990 to 1992 and Nagasaki University from 1992 to 1993 in Japan, and MIT, USA from 1997 to 1998.
Dr. Cheng has led several key projects in carbon nanotube, graphene and new energy material fields. He edited the first book on carbon nanotubes in Chinese and published over 360 peer-reviewed papers on Nature, Nature Mater., Nature Commun., PNAS, Adv. Mater., JACS, Angew. Chemie, Nano Lett., Adv. Funct. Mater., Adv. Energy Mater., ACS Nano, J. Mater. Chem., Carbon, etc, with >12,000 citations. He has received several international and national awards, including National Natural Science Award (2nd class) in 2006, the Charles E. Pettinos Award (American Carbon Society, USA) in 2010, and the Prize for Scientific and Technological Progress of Ho Leung Ho Lee Foundation in 2010. He is the Editor of Carbon since 2000 and the Editor-in-Chief of New Carbon Materials since 1998. Prof. Cheng was the co-chairman of the World Conference on Carbon in 2002 (Beijing) and 2011 (Shanghai), and he has given more than 60 plenary/keynote/invited talks in international conferences and symposia. Dr. Cheng is also an honorary professor of the University of Queensland, Australia.
His research activities mainly focus on the synthesis, properties and applications of carbon nanotubes, graphene, energy storage materials, photocatalytic materials, and high-performance bulk carbon materials.